Fortis and Lenis in Germanic

This study represents a bold reanalysis of the phonemic system of Germanic consonants.

Fortis and Lenis in Germanic

This study represents a bold reanalysis of the phonemic system of Germanic consonants. The accepted primary voiced-voiceless phonemic contrast is replaced by fortis-lenis, whose origin is projected back into Proto-Germanic. It is proposed to view the Germanic consonant shift as the result of lenition in Gmc. /b d g f X s X/ and of strengthening of articulation in Gmc. /p t k/. Voice and spirantization are characteristic of the lenis members, whereas voicelessness and extraduration are characteristic of fortis. This concept, backed by orthographic, comparative and acoustic phonetic data, supplies not only a simpler and more plausible development into the daughter languages, but also provides a common element in the explanation of the First and Second Sound Shift.

More Books:

Fortis and Lenis in Germanic
Language: en
Pages: 183
Authors: Gerda Isolde Alexander
Categories: Foreign Language Study
Type: BOOK - Published: 1983 - Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

This study represents a bold reanalysis of the phonemic system of Germanic consonants. The accepted primary voiced-voiceless phonemic contrast is replaced by fortis-lenis, whose origin is projected back into Proto-Germanic. It is proposed to view the Germanic consonant shift as the result of lenition in Gmc. /b d g f
Phonetics and Phonology of Tense and Lax Obstruents in German
Language: en
Pages: 394
Authors: Michael Jessen
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999-01-15 - Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

Knowing that the so-called voiced and voiceless stops in languages like English and German do not always literally differ in voicing, several linguists — among them Roman Jakobson — have proposed that dichotomies such as fortis/lenis or tense/lax might be more suitable to capture the invariant phonetic core of this
Gemination, Lenition, and Vowel Lengthening
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Kurt Goblirsch
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-05-24 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The processes of gemination, lenition, and vowel lengthening are central to the study of phonology, as they reveal much about the treatment of quantity in a given language. Using data from older language stages, modern dialects and standard languages, this study examines the interdependence of vowel and consonant quantity in
A History of German
Language: en
Pages: 396
Authors: Joseph Salmons
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-10-11 - Publisher: Oxford University Press

This book provides a detailed introduction to the development of the German language from the earliest reconstructible prehistory to the present day. A key to understanding how any human language works is understanding how that language developed over time. German speakers, as well as language learners and teachers are often
Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics
Language: en
Pages: 352
Authors: Oswald Szemerényi
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999 - Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

First published in 1970 in Germany, this is a revised and enlarged English translation of what remains the standard introduction to the subject. Each section contains a detailed bibliography.